Many of the accepted views on herpes are false. In order to manage the virus effectively, it is important that people understand the facts about herpes. The following facts are true about the Herpes simplex virus.
Within the United States:
- The Herpes Simplex Virus type 2 (HSV-2) is the primary cause of genital herpes.
- 16% of the adult U.S population between the ages of 14 and 49 is infected with genital herpes.
- One of five women in the U.S has herpes.
- One of nine men in the U.S has herpes.
- More than 50% of the people infected with genital herpes are unaware of their condition.
- HSV-2 infections occur more frequently with women than men.
- The percentage of people infected with the U.S has stayed relatively stable over the last decade.
- Herpes is more likely transmitted from an infected male to a female partner than it is from a female carrier to her male partner.
On a global scale:
- The HSV-1 and HSV-2 can both be transmitted through skin contact.
- The virus can be transmitted by touching, kissing or caressing the infected area.
- People with sores are contagious.
- Herpes can be transferred from mother to the baby during pregnancy or labor.
- Herpes cannot be cured.
- A cold sore infection can turn into a genital infection if a person performs oral sex on their partner.
- A herpes infection increases an individual’s risk of being infected with HIV.
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